Monday, March 21, 2022

Modeling Monday - Research Notes on the DEY-3 & DEY-5 class switchers

(Disclaimer - Most of this post first appeared 9/23/2018)

Like many of you, one of the first things to do before starting any modeling project is something I find the most fun - research. So, as I begin modeling the New Haven's Alco S-2s and S-1s (class DEY-5 and DEY-3, respectively), I want to get all my modeling notes together in one place - and put them here for any of you that may want to try modeling these locos yourself (or just curious about the history...)

New Haven class DEY-3 switcher #0967 with Valley Local freight at Fernwood Street, Wethersfield, CT in 5/1949.
John Wallace photo.

The first stop when researching any New Haven railroad locomotives is Jack Swanberg's seminal work New Haven Power, which provides encyclopedic coverage of all NHRR motive power throughout the history of the railroad. You'll also want to be sure and consult the series of books produced by Bob Liljestrand (Bob's Photos) that have covered NH engines. Volume 1 covers the switchers and road switchers, including the DEY units.

Marc Frattasio and Bill Chapin aggregated a ton of prototype information and provided the definitive resource for the DEY-3 and DEY-5 switchers in the Volume 35, Issue 1 edition of the NHRHTA's Shoreliner magazine.

Since I'm modeling both types of engines (DEY-3 #0967 for the Valley Local & DEY-5 #0604 for the Haddam Local, aka PDX-2), I figured a quick reference of prototype information would be helpful to repost here. And if you have any interest in these engines, I hope you find these notes helpful too. But for the most comprehensive information, including lots of photos, be sure to consult the Shoreliner article and the books mentioned above.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 
General Information

The New Haven's DEY-3 and DEY-5 class switchers differed visually from standard Alco S-1s and S-2s in two primary respects:

  • Cab Roof Profile
The New Haven cab is a low-profile version, to provide additional clearance when used in the electrified zone. The compound curves resulted in an overall roof height that was approx. 6" lower than the standard cab.
 Image from the Shoreliner article.
  • Crosley 3-Chime Air Whistle
Instead of a standard air horn, the New Haven used brass (or bronze?) 3-chime air whistles.
Image from the Shoreliner article.

Classification System & Number Series

  • "DEY" classification system started 1944
  • Class DEY-3 (Alco S-1), number series 0931-0995
  • Class DEY-5 (Alco S-2), number series 0600-0621
Prime Mover
  • DEY-3
    • Same prime mover as HH660 - 660hp McIntosh & Seymour Model 531
    • Model 531 was designated 539 when in the S-1
  • DEY-5
    • Turbocharged Model 539, designated 539T, produced 1000 hp
    • Same prime mover in Alco RS-1 (DERS-1b) and DL-109 (DER-1)
    • Turbo produced a distinctive high pitched "chirp"
  • Neither prime mover equipped with automatic air reservoir blowdowns, so no "spitter" sound
Delivery Dates
  • DEY-3 (1941-1949), 65 units
    • 1941 0931-0940
    • 1942 0941-0950
    • 1943 0951-0957
    • 1944 0958-0970
    • 1947 (Nov/Dec) 0971-0976 (green/orange scheme begins)
    • 1948 (Jan-Mar) 0977-0983
    • 1948 (Sept-Dec) 0984-0992
    • 1949 (Jan) 0993-0995
  • DEY-5 (1943-1944), 22 units
    • 1943 (Dec) 0600-0601
    • 1944 (Jan) 0602-0603
    • 1944 (May-Nov) 0604-0621
DEY-3 Whistle Locations
  • 0931-0950 had whistle mounted even with roof overhang
  • 0951-0973 had whistle mounted about a foot forward of the roof overhang
  • 0977-0995 had whistle mounted about 3.5' forward of the roof overhang
Paint Schemes (late 1940s)
  • All DEY-5 units and DEY-3 units 0931-0970 delivered in all Pullman green with Dulux gold (yellow) lettering
  • Hunter Green cab & orange hood started with delivery of 0971 November, 1947.
  • Cab interior likely dark (Pullman?) green in pre-Nov. '47 units; light gray thereafter
Cab Signal Equipment
  • The following units were equipped with Hartford Line cab signal equipment:
    • 0967, 0981, 0605, 0606
  • The following units were equipped with Shore Line signal equipment:
    • 0610-0612
  • The following units were equipped with Dual Cab Signal equipment:
    • 0993, 0995, 0604, 0616, 0620
Radiator Shutters (louvers)
  • First 40 DEY-3s
    • 24 narrow vertical shutters set in a thin frame w/shallow protrusion
    • Horizontal space/cutting across the shutters at mid-height
  • Last 25 DEY-3s
    • 11 wide vertical radiator shutters also with a horizontal spacer
    • Rivet at each of the two quarter points of each louver
    • Larger cross-section frame around the perimeter, resulting in deep protrusion
  • First 9 DEY-5s (0600-0608) had horizontal radiator shutters
  • Last 11 DEY-5s (0609-0621) had vertical shutters.
This is just a list of notes for prototype reference, with special thanks to Randy for filling in many details in the original post. For a nice narrative, including even more detailed information on later paint schemes, additional detail changes, and final dispositions, be sure to consult Marc and Bill's comprehensive Shoreliner article mentioned above.

And of course - as always - if you have any additional information to share, please let me know in the comments or contact me directly. One of my main goals with this blog (and especially the website) is to provide a nice repository of information on the New Haven Railroad - but especially the Valley Line and its equipment and operations.

Next up, we move from prototype to modeling...

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